Strategies for Implementing Sentence Frame Activities

The most important thing to remember about using math sentence frames is that you want your students to speak effectively about mathematics. Effective use of the academic language of mathematics involves speaking both logically (the mathematics is correct) and academically (use of the proper math vocabulary). Students need opportunities to speak logically, in complete sentences, and in proper mathematical contexts if they are to learn the academic language of mathematics.

The following is an example of how a sentence frame activity can be implemented:

Step 1: Show the students the first sentence frame and ask them to read the sentence.
Step 2: Ask if anyone has any questions about the sentence. Are there any words that the students don't know or understand?
Step 3: Model speaking the sentence frame for your students. Ask them if they agree that your sentence is true.
Step 4: Ask the students to fill in the sentence frame with their own numbers, mathematical expressions, equations, or words that they believe will make their sentence true.
Step 5: Ask each student to share their sentence frame (by speaking the sentence orally) with a partner or table group to check for accuracy.
Step 6: Have each table group repeat chorally when each student speaks their sentence frame.

Another example of how a sentence frame activity can be implemented is for the teacher to engage the student in a call and response activity where the teacher speaks a series of sentence frames and the class responds chorraly after each sentence.

Example:

2x and 3x are like terms. (class repeats)
-5y and 2y are like terms. (class repeats)
2c and 7c are like terms. (class repeats)
-3x and 5y are not like terms. (class repeats)
-4y and -10z are not like terms. (class repeats)